Objectives of AquaMatrix:
* To guide sustainable fisheries development, worldwide.
* To provide
aquaculture system expertise in optimum design, system troubleshooting, high density culture and closed system biofiltration.
* To provide management expertise in water quality and stock strategies, fish and prawn health strategies, hormone-induced
spawning techniques, and disease diagnostics.
* To provide detailed aquaculture production analyses and complete
business plans, including market entry analyses, processing requirements, and HACCP guidelines.
* To transfer
appropriate technologies in a clear, understandable manner, in public and private sectors.
Inspired by his US Peace Corps
experience in the Philippines, Woiwode has a commitment to sustainable fisheries development, especially in regions that may
have less obvious commercial potential but could have more tangible impact on local and regional people.
In Pakistan from 1992-1994, on the huge Asian Development Bank Second Aquaculture Project,
AquaMatrix executed the two largest fielded contracts:
Dr. Woiwode designed and oversaw the construction of eight Department
of Fisheries hatcheries/ nurseries, and redesigned and retrofitted six existing hatcheries/nurseries for the intensive production
of five species of Asiatic Carps. He trained hatchery personnel in intensive hatchery management techniques, including the
use of anaesthesia when handling broodstock, introduction of new hormone-induced spawning protocols, high density incubation
of eggs in upwelling jars, culture and nutritional enhancement of select zooplankton as feed for intensively tank-reared first-feeding
fry, and the development of effective broodstock management techniques. He set up 10 Model Fish Farms and 87 Demonstration
Fish Farms throughout the Punjab. He published fourteen technical reports and training manuals during this period, including
two reports published in Urdu.
Dr. Fairgrieve developed least-cost nutritional formulations utilizing indigenous ingredients;
developed a small scale hammer mill and pelleting system to produce fish feeds; and guided the research activities of the
Department of Fisheries to respond to the critical needs of the culture and capture fisheries industries in the country.
The Intensive Asiatic Carp Hatchery and Nursery in Farooqabad,
Woiwode meets with tribal elders of the Chebaysh Marsh Arabs regarding the restoration of the fisheries in the Al-Hammar marshlands,
and wife electro-fishing for Silurids in newly reflooded marshlands, Central Marsh, Iraq.
In 2004, Dr. Woiwode
served as Aquaculture Team Leader under the USAID funded Marshland project in Iraq. The following is the abstract from the
paper he delivered at the World Aquaculture Society meeting in Bali, Indonesia, May, 2005.
Iraq Aquaculture Supporting
Capture Fisheries: Food Security for Marsh Arabs
Marshland fishing was a primary economic livelihood for low-status
tribes, mainly the Berbera; subsistence fishing, however, has been practiced widely in the marshes, and fish products have
been a primary food source. In 1990, the FAO estimated that the total inland catch of fish in Iraq was 23,600 tons, with over
60 percent of this coming from the Mesopotamian marshes. The native marshland fish populations were originally dominated by
Cyprinid fish of the genus Barbus. Coastal fish species in the Arabian Gulf also used the marshlands for seasonal spawning
migrations and as nursery grounds for both shrimp and fish. Fish were originally caught with tridents, but dwellers also used
nets, although the size of the holes decreased as the catches decreased. A combination of factors including upstream dams
in Turkey and Syria, the Iran-Iraq War in the mid-1980s and the building of the drainage system in the 1990s diminished the
flow of water and nutrients into the marshlands and led to a precipitous fall in fish catch. As the marshes were draining,
some people used poisons to take the final fish remaining in the drying ponds. With the drying of the marshes, the commercial
fish trade virtually ceased. The resultant situation caused a massive displacement of the indigenous Marsh Arab population.
Fish production increases will be achieved by reflooding the largest possible area and by keeping sluices open to
maintain fish migration and spawning. Fishery diversity and productivity will take years to return, but there are encouraging
signs that it can recover. With the reflooding of the Al-Hawizeh, Hammar, and Central marshes, people have returned to their
boats to fish, mostly with nylon gill nets and electric fishing sets. However, the catches in the newly flooded water were
disappointing in species, number and size. The resumption of fishing appears to be causing over-fishing and depletion of fragile
indigenous fish stocks, and a proliferation of undesirable species. New fishing practices have also raised issues of rights
to marsh access.
in Iraq were concentrated near Baghdad rather than the southern marshes. The main species cultured were grass and silver carps.
USAID's Marshlands program seeks to rehabilitate indigenous fish stocks with aquaculture technologies such as artificial propagation
of Barbus spp. Husbandry of the Asiatic carps are proposed to be introduced to the Marsh Arabs as a form of enterprise development.
Fisheries overall program objectives: Initiate restoration of the endemic Barbus sharpeyi in all three marsh areas
by artificial spawning and stocking of cultured fingerlings into the marshlands; encourage the sustainable management of marshlands
fish species by involving tribes in unhindered reproductive migrations of indigenous fish stocks; develop institutional fish
culture capacities; and pilot effective fish farming technologies of proven fish species (grass and silver carp) in suitable
So far, LHRH and anaesthetizing agents have been brought into the country, B. sharpeyi broodstock
have been collected for spawning this spring, and training of fisheries personnel has been completed. Ovulation and spawning
have been accomplished.
2004, as part of the U.S. - West African Free Trade Agreement, Dr. Woiwode guided commercial fishers and fish processors in
three West African countries (Senegal, Gambia and Mauritania) to U.S. FSIS sanitation and HACCP processing standards for product
entry into the United States. As a result of this initiative, fishers and processors from these countries were represented
at the 2005 U.S. seafood trade show in Boston, establishing trade links into the United States.
Fishing Fleet, Nouakchott, Mauritania